The Eleventh National Economic And Social Development Plan (2012-2016)

Language : ไทย

During the Eleventh Plan period, the country’s development will emphasize building resilience at the family, community, society, and national levels under the sustainable development concept as outlined in the Philosophy. Compared to the Tenth Plan, it features specific development factors based on human, social, physical, financial, natural resource, environmental and cultural assets. The goal is to utilize these assets (1) to create a society of quality by building the intellectual basis for generating resilience in citizens and the society, (2) to achieve a green economy where knowledge and Thai identity will be used to restructure the economy based on innovation, (3) to connect effectively with the regional and global economies, (4) to foster sustainability in the agricultural sector and prosperity in the food and energy sectors, (5) to sustainably manage natural resources and the environment, and (6) to reinforce good governance and harmony in all sectors and at every level. The accomplishment of these objectives will lay the foundations for balanced and sustainable development and lead to a just and happy society.

Management of natural resources and the environment toward sustainability 

In order to maintain balances within the ecosystem, emphasis will be aimed at managing
natural resources and the environment through a shift of the development paradigm and
participation by local communities. Under this approach, various issues will be addressed,
including creating a low-carbon society, preparing for climate change and natural disasters,
and ensuring consistency between trade practices and environmental protection.

Strategy for Managing Natural Resources and the Environment to Achieve Sustainability

To preserve natural resources and the environment as the foundation of the country’s sustainable development, key methods of resilience should include:

  • Database systems that incorporate information, technology, and local wisdom in response to impacts from climate change.
  • A lifestyle that follows the Philosophy of Economic Sufficiency, the Thai way of life, and awareness of the benefits and values of natural resources and the environment.
  • Instruments and management mechanisms to deal with climate change and governance of natural resources and the environment.
  • Community empowerment is a key factor for success when managing natural resources and the environment.
  • Effective management will alleviate risks to natural resources and the environment.


  • To conserve and, when necessary, restore natural resources and the environment so they are sufficient to stabilize the ecosystem and provide a firm foundation for the country’s development.
  • To promote production and consumption that is environmentally sound in order to redirect the country toward a low carbon emission society.
  • To create resilience so as to be prepared to deal with impacts from climate change and worldwide environmental issues.
  • To create fairness in access to and utilization of natural resources, and to protect benefits that the country receives from international agreements and commitments.


  • Enrich the abundance of natural resources and biodiversity so that conservation lands occupy at least 19 percent of total area, expand forest reserves up to 40 percent, and attain at least 5,000 rai per year of mangrove coastal reforestation.
  • Improve efficiency of the entire water management system to alleviate water shortages, prevent floods, and expand irrigation areas by 200,000 rai per year to increase food security.
  • Create a more pleasant environment by reducing the pollution and threats to health from development. Regulate water quality in at least 80 percent of the main water sources and major rivers, restore coastal water quality in the inner Gulf of Thailand, bring air quality in urban and industrial areas up to health standards and maintain this level, aim to dispose of 50 percent of total solid waste in a sanitary fashion, and recycle
    at least 30 percent of trash.
  • Enhance the adaptive capacity to meet climate change challenges and disasters at all levels — community, regional, and countrywide.
  • Improve efficiency of greenhouse gas mitigation.
  • Increase efficiency in the management of natural resources and the environment such that communities can coexist in harmony with the forests.


Download additional information: The Eleventh National Economic And Social Development Plan (2012-2016)


Categories: Climate Change,Climate Change Policies,Thailand’s Policies

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